4 Common eye conditions in women

Brown eyes

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (WOTV) — It’s National Eye Exam Month. Health experts recommend having an eye exam done annually. Eye exams can detect problems early-on and save your sight should problems arise. There are many potential health problems that are related to the eyes, but for women some types of eye conditions are more common than others.

Knowing what these conditions are can help you ask the right questions when you visit an ophthalmologist (make sure you learn the difference between an ophthalmologist, optometrist and optician) and can help you make sure the doctor is checking for the right things.

Below are four common eye conditions in women, including: what the condition is, symptoms of the condition and preventative measures. Find more information about maintaining healthy eyes online and schedule your eye exam today.


What is it?
Cataracts is a clouding of the eye that affects your vision. Cataracts usually is more prevalent with age.

Cloudy or blurry vision
Colors look faded
Poor night vision
Double vision
Frequent prescription changes in glasses or contacts

Preventative measures
Wear sunglasses to block ultraviolet rays and sunlight. 
Stop smoking if you currently do. 
Start and maintain a nutritional diet.


What is it? 
Glaucoma is an eye disease that can result in damage of the optic nerve and cause blindness and vision loss.

Blurred vision
Rainbow colored circles appear around bright lights
Eye and head pain
Sudden eye sight loss
Vomiting or nausea after eye pain

Preventative measures
Wear protective eye wear when engaging in sports or home improvement projects. Eye injury can result in secondary or traumatic glaucoma.

Start an exercise program. Exercise overall will improve your health.

A check for glaucoma should be done every two to four years before age 40. Every one to three years between the ages of 40 to 54. Every one to two years between the ages of 55 to 64 and after age 65 every six to 12 months. If you are in the high risk group for glaucoma which includes African Americans, diabetic, or have a family history of glaucoma you should be tested every year or every two years after age 35.  Early detection and treatment is the key to maintaining your eyesight.

Dry Eye Syndrome 

What is it?
Dry eye syndrome can occur in totally healthy people. Age can play a factor. Dry eyes occur when your eyes cannot maintain a healthy coat of tears.

Scratchy feeling in the eye
Sensitivity to light
Blurred vision
Burning, redness or itching in the eye

Preventative measures
Stay clear of dry environments that may irritate your eyes.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

What is it? 
Age-Related Macular Degeneration occurs in people age 50 or older. It damages the macula, a small area near the center of the retina and the part needed for sharp vision that lets the eye see objects straight ahead.

Distorted or lost vision

Preventative Measures
Avoid smoking
Exercise regularly
Maintain normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels
Eat a healthy diet rich in green, leafy vegetables and fish



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